Many Priorities Forgotten
Our government is not self-sufficient, bitter truth! What is your contribution? Concerning the virtue of sponsoring orphans and the great reward for that, Muslim (2983) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The one who sponsors an orphan, whether it is a relative of his or not, he and I will be like these two in Paradise,” and Maalik pointed with his forefinger and middle finger. There is sufficient encouragement for the believer to do these actions in the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “I and the one who sponsors an orphan will be in Paradise like these two” – and he gestured with his forefinger and middle finger, holding them apart. Al-Bukhaari, 5304, at-Tirmidhi (1918) Classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhi.
Sponsoring an orphan is one of the righteous deeds which Islam encourages us to do and tells us are among the means of entering Paradise, and indeed of attaining the highest positions therein. Ibn Battaal (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “It is a duty for the one who hears this hadeeth to act upon it, so that he will be with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in Paradise.” (Quoted by Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Baari, 10/436. Spending money on an orphan is something that is encouraged in particular. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “This money is fresh and sweet. Blessed is the wealth of the Muslim, from which he gives to the poor, the orphan and the wayfarer” or as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said it. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1465; Muslim, 1052.
Ibn al-Atheer said: “The sponsor is the one who takes care of the orphan’s affairs and brings him up.” Al-Nihaayah, 4/192. In Riyaadh al-Saaliheen, al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) defined the sponsor of an orphan as being the one who takes care of his affairs. The commentator on this book said: (that means) his religious and worldly affairs, by spending on him, clothing him, etc. Daleel al-Faaliheen, 3/103. Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Sponsoring an orphan means taking care of his religious and worldly interests, teaching him and guiding him etc with regard to religious matters, and taking care of his food, drink, shelter and other worldly concerns. Sharh Riyaadh al-Saaliheen, 5/113. Bahjat Quloob al-Abraar, 128, Fayd al-Qadeer by al-Manaawi, 1/108, al-Haafiz in al-Fath, 10/437.
As well, limiting it to spending, especially when the orphan is far away, deprives the sponsor of one of the means of softening the heart and meeting needs, which is embracing the orphan and treating him kindly. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Bring the orphan close to you, wipe his head and give him some of your food, for that will soften your heart and fulfil your need.” Al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 854, Ibn ‘Alaan in Daleel al-Faaliheen, 3/104. Though, it is permissible for you to send money to sponsor the orphan, even though you are in another country, then the one who is looking after the orphan has to spend it on him in a reasonable manner, without being either extravagant or miserly.
It worth remembering, Allaah says: And let those [executors and guardians] fear [injustice] as if they [themselves] had left weak offspring behind and feared for them. So, let them fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. Q4:9, and others Q 4:36 Q2:177, al-Fath (10/436), Sharh Muslim, 18/113.
May Allaah grant us understanding, forgive us and provide for orphans