Fiqh of Jihaad (2)

War in Islam is Never Holy; It can Only be Just or Unjust

Seeking Islamic Knowledge is equivalent to Jihaad

Seeking Islamic knowledge is one of the best righteous deeds, and in fact is equivalent to Jihaad for the sake of Allah, as Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):“And it is not (proper) for the believers to go out to fight (Jihaad) all together. Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islamic) religion, and that they may warn their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil)” Q9:122 Liqa’ al-Baab al-Maftooh (2/164). At-Tirmidhi (2685) narrated – and classed the report as saheeh – from Abu Umaamah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Verily Allah, His angels, and the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth, even the ant in its hole and even the fish, send blessings upon the one who teaches the people good things.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh at-Tirmidhi.  Majmoo‘ Fataawa wa Rasaa’il al-‘Uthaymeen (25/306-307). The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: ““Whoever calls others to guidance will have a reward like that of those who follow it, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest.” Narrated by Muslim (2674)

Reasons for Jihaad

Reasons why Jihaad for the sake of Allaah is prescribed in Islam include:

  1. To make the people worship Allaah alone and to bring them forth from servitude to people to servitude to the Lord of people, to establish the rule of His sharee’ah, and to bring people forth from the injustice of other religions to the justice of Islam. Q8:39, Q9:14-15, Q8:60, Q2:193, 8:39, Tafseer Ibn Sa’di, p., 98, al-Bukhaari (24), Muslim (33), Ahmad, 4869; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2831, Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 28/17
  2. To prevent the aggression of those who attack the Muslims.  Q2:190, Q9:13
  3. To remove fitnah (tribulation) Q4:75
  4. To protect the Islamic state from the evil of the kuffaar. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) encouraged that as he said: “Guarding the border for one day for the sake of Allaah is better than this world and everything in it.” Al-Bukhaari, 2678.
  5. To expose the hypocrites Q47:20, 3:179
  6. To purify the believers of their sins and ridding them thereof Q3:140-142
  7. Ridding the world of corruption. Q22:40, 2:251, al-Jawaab al-Saheeh, 2/216 etc.

Jihaad is, without doubt, the pride of Islam and of the basis of Islam and the verses and hadiths regards this are known to create a safe space for the free practice of Islam.

May Allaah grant us understanding and protect Muslims around the world.

 

Fiqh of Jihaad (1)

War in Islam is Never Holy; It can Only be Just or Unjust

Today, it is disturbing that many misunderstood what Jihaad means and many Muslims disregard the topic. The purpose of Jihaad in Islam is not to kill non-Muslims but many misconstrue the concept. This misconception is dangerous because it is used by anti-Muslim activists to paint Islam black in the Western world and justify aggression against Muslims countries, and it is likewise used by extremists to justify acts of terrorism or pugnaciousness against the West. Islam is a religion of peace and some Muslims behave violently and kill innocents, something must be wrong! Because Islam, from the beginning to the end, condemn violent behaviors and killing of innocents.

Still, it is wrong to judge Islam by actions of its enemy or the erred followers or adherents. This is same with non-Muslims; do we remember “Hitler” “Joseph Stalin called as Uncle Joe”, “Mao Tse Tsung (China)”, “Benito Mussolini (Italy)”, “Ashoka” in Kalinga Battle and the killing of innocents, George Bush and killing of innocents in Iraq, killing of innocents in Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Bosnia, Kosova, Chechnya, Palestine, Kashmir, Burma (monks!) etc. supported by Jews, Christians and others? When non-Muslim kills it is crusade not terrorist attack and when Muslim kills, it is Muslim terrorist attack?! I never heard of any declared Christian terrorist or Jew terrorist despite the fact that Orthodox Christians carried out massacres in Bosnia and Kosova, in which more than 200,000 people were killed, apart from those who were injured or raped. These acts of terrorism occurred among some of the followers who distort the divinely revealed books, or follow their own criminal agenda, or get confused and they are deceived by the Shaytaan (Satan), so they begin to shed blood, transgress sacred limits and provoke wars throughout the world. So, judging Islam by actions of its adherents is very wrong, Islam is a religion peace.

Jihaad literally mean striving and expending one’s energy. In Sharee’ah, it means the Muslim striving to make the word of Allaah supreme and to establish His religion on earth. It is of various kinds, some of which are obligatory upon everyone who is accountable, and some are obligatory upon the community as a whole, if some people undertake them then the rest are relieved of the obligation. And some kinds of Jihaad are mustahabb (recommended), these may make you understand better:

What is the crime of …..?

A Muslim woman who walks down the street or enter school in her hijab or niqab?

A Muslim who leaves his home to go and pray, not to spread mischief in the land?

A Muslim employee who goes to his company or a student who goes to his university or a schoolgirl who is walking to her school in peace?

Palestine and why occupation their land?

The Muslims in Central Africa, and the massacres and atrocities to which they are being subjected?

The Muslims in Myanmar and China, before the eyes of the entire world?

The Muslims in Andalus (Spain) and the atrocities carried out against them by the Inquisition?

The Muslims that call for the atrocities committed by European colonialists; French, British, Italian, Portuguese and Dutch in Muslim lands?

Islam is a complete religion; the blood of the Muslims is not cheaper than the blood of others hence preventive warfare is part of Islam; the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The head of the matter is Islam; its pillar is prayer and its pinnacle is Jihaad.” Narrated by at-Tirmidhi (2616) and others; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, no. 413. The Sharee’ah texts that express offensive warfare are describing preventive military action as a tactic and not as an end in itself. Sufyan Ath-Thawri, may Allah have mercy on him, said: Fighting the idolaters is not an obligation unless they begin it themselves, in which case it is required to fight them in defense. Sharḥ al-Siyar al-Kabir 1/187. And Ibn Al-Qayyim writes: It is the purpose of Jihaad that one defends himself and the Muslims. ‘Uddat al-Ṣabirīn 1/32, al-Nubuwat 1/140. at-Tasheel, p. 135, Tafseer as-Sa‘di, p. 954 al-Qawaa‘id al-Hisaan, p. 119, Manaahil al-‘Irfaan, 2/406 al-Mughni, 10/96, al-Istiqaamah, 2/320,Tafseer at-Tabari, 5/433

May Allaah grant us understanding and protect Muslims around the world.

As Salat Q and A: Praying at Home

Is it polite for a man to pray at home due to the distance of masjid to his house?
Alhamdulillaah wasalaatu wasalaam ‘ala rasuulillaah.
Jazaakallaahu khayran for your question
It is obligatory for men to observe obligatory prayers in congregation if they live close to the mosque that they can hear call to prayer without amplification, and it is not obligatory for those who live far away among men. Additionally, it is not obligatory for women to observe prayers with congregation, irrespective of whether they live close or far away from the Mosque; the best place for them is in the house.
It was narrated that Abu Moosa said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: *“The people who will have the greatest reward for prayer are those who come the furthest distance.* Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 623; Muslim, 622.
Muslim (653) narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: A blind man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said, “O Messenger of Allaah, I do not have anyone to guide me to the mosque,” and he asked the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to grant him a concession allowing him to pray in his house, and he granted him that. Then when he turned to leave, he called him back and said, “Can you hear the call to prayer?” He said, “Yes.” He said, “Then respond to it.”
Ibn Maajah (793) narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: *“Whoever hears the call to prayer and does not respond, there is no prayer for him (i.e., his prayer is not valid), except for the one who has an excuse.”* Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 637.
Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Majmoo’, 4/353: What is meant by hearing the call to prayer is when the muezzin stands at the edge of the town and other sounds are silent and the wind is still, and one is listening out. If a person can hear him, he is obliged (to attend prayers in congregation), and if he cannot hear him then he is not obliged.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz said: The one who can hear the call to prayer given in a regular voice without amplification is obliged to respond and to come and pray in congregation in the mosque in which the call is given…
But for those who live far away from the mosque and cannot hear the call to prayer except with amplification do not have to come to the mosque. They and those who are with them may pray in a separate congregation. If they take the trouble to attend the prayer with the congregation in the mosque whose call to prayer they cannot hear except with amplification because they are too far away, that will bring them a greater reward. Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him), 12/58.