Islam came to meet the needs of people with ethics that improve quality of lives. These ethics includes; eating ethics, drinking ethics, sleeping ethics etc. Allaah sent Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with a religion that covers all aspects of life. Ahmad, 20399, Majma’ al-Zawaa’id, 8/263. Good practices are practices of the Messengers and are the best action of the righteous. Bad practices are poisonous and lead to shameful consequences. al-Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad (273), al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (45).
To clear possible doubts, narrations confirmed that our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who is our role model, used to sleep sometimes on a mattress, sometimes on a leather mat, sometimes on a mat made of palm leaves, sometimes on the floor, sometimes on a bed, sometimes on the sand, and sometimes on a black cloak and he used blanket as we do. al-Bukhaari, 3775, Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/15. So, in every condition you are, all you need is to ask how our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did in such condition. Now, how do the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) slept and how did he asked us to sleep?
- Perform wudu (ablution) before going to bed, it is better to be in a state of purity. al-Bukhaari, al-Wudu’, 239, al-Bukhaari, 6314, al-Bukhaari, 247; Muslim 2710.
- Dust off the bed before sleeping. Al-Bukhaari (6320) and Muslim (2714)
- Sleep on the right side by putting right hand on the right cheek. And sleeping on one’s left side is not prohibited, but one misses out on the reward for following the Sunnah. al-Bukhaari, al-Wudu’, 239, al-Bukhaari, 6314.
- Say adhkaar before sleeping. These includes; last two verses of suratul Baqarah, Aayat al-Kursi, suratul al-Ikhlaas and al-Mi’wadhatayn etc and other adhkaar before sleeping. Bukhaari 4624. al-Bukhaari, 6314, al-Bukhaari, 7394, al-Bukhaari, 1120, al-Bukhaari (5017), Saheeh al-Bukhaari (2311), al-Bukhaari (5009) and Muslim (2714), Saheeh Muslim (789), al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (1/742), al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb (2/81), Musnad (2/554-555), Saheeh Abi Dawood (1264), al-Haakim (1/452), al-Saheehah (2/243) and Da’eef al-Targheeb(1/190), al-Saheehah (643), Qiyaam al-Layl (164), Al-Daarimi (2/554), al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb (2/76), (2/116), al-Adhkaar (1/255), al-Waabil al-Sayyib (132), al-Adhkaar (220), al-Tirmidhi (3402) Nataa’ij al-Afkaar (3/65), Abu Dawood (5055) and al-Tirmidhi (3400) Nataa’ij al-Afkaar (3/6)
- Saying adhkaar when one wakes up from sleeping. ‘Al-hamdu Lillaah alladhi ahyaanaa ba’da ma amaatanaa wa ilayhi al-nushoor (Praise be to Allaah who has brought us back to life after causing us to die, and to Him is the resurrection).’” al-Bukhaari, 6314, al-Bukhaari, 7394, al-Bukhaari, 1120
- It is forbidden to sleep on one’s belly according to some Jurists while others said it is disliked. Ahmad, al-Fath al-Rabbaani, 14/244-245; by al-Tirmidhi, no. 2798, Abu Dawood, al-Sunan, Kitaab al-Adab, no. 5040, al-Da’aas edn, Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2270-2271, Abu Dawood 5040, Ibn Majaah 3724, Ahmad Shaakir in Tahqeeq al-Musnad 14/248-249, al-Tibb al-Nabawi fi Daw’ al-‘Ilm al-Hadeeth by Dr. Ghiyaath al-Ahmad, and al-Nawm ‘ala al-Jihah al-Yumna by Dr. Ibraaheem al-Raawi. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah 26/146.
- Sleeping next to one’s wife is sunnah. al-Bukhaari 2945 and Muslim 2727, al-Bukhaari 3502.
- It is not allowed for male children, if they have reached the age of puberty or are ten years old or more, to sleep with their mothers or sisters in the same bedding or mattress. Suratu al-Nur 58 – 59, al-Bukhari and Muslim, Abu Dawud and Ahmad. Sahih al-Jami, vol. 2, p. 1021. Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’ 5/11-18, Abu Dawood 418, Saheeh al-Jaami’, no. 418, Ansa al-Mataalib 3/113, al-Mustaw’aband al-Ri’aayah, Kitaab al-Janaa’iz, al-Adaab al-Shar’iyyah 3/538, Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn Baaz 25/357.
- It is not prohibited to lay on one’s back. al-Bukhaari, 475; Muslim, 2100.
- It is not prohibited to sleep after fajr and ‘Asr. Though, some of the salaf disliked the idea of sleeping after Fajr based on circumstances or needs for man to make better use of time but no authentic narration to support its prohibition, only that it is sunnah to remain sitting in the place where we prayed fajr till sunrise doing adhkaar. Muslim 1/463, Musannaf 5/222, no. 25442, Musannaf 5/223, no. 25454, Silsilat al-Da’eefah, no. 39. Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Humayd, p. 144
- The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to sleep during the first part of the night and get up to pray during the last part. Sometimes he would stay up late to deal with the interests of the Muslims. Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/15
- Sleeping naked. The ‘awrah must be covered in all circumstances except when necessary, such as when bathing, having intercourse, relieving oneself, etc. al-Tirmidhi, 2769.
- No sin on a person if he sleeps with his feet towards the Ka’bah, Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 2/976.
May Allaah grant us understanding