13 from Morals of Sleeping

Islam came to meet the needs of people with ethics that improve quality of lives. These ethics includes; eating ethics, drinking ethics, sleeping ethics etc. Allaah sent Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with a religion that covers all aspects of life. Ahmad, 20399, Majma’ al-Zawaa’id, 8/263. Good practices are practices of the Messengers and are the best action of the righteous. Bad practices are poisonous and lead to shameful consequences. al-Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad (273), al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (45).

To clear possible doubts, narrations confirmed that our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who is our role model, used to sleep sometimes on a mattress, sometimes on a leather mat, sometimes on a mat made of palm leaves, sometimes on the floor, sometimes on a bed, sometimes on the sand, and sometimes on a black cloak and he used blanket as we do. al-Bukhaari, 3775, Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/15. So, in every condition you are, all you need is to ask how our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did in such condition. Now, how do the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) slept and how did he asked us to sleep?

  1. Perform wudu (ablution) before going to bed, it is better to be in a state of purity. al-Bukhaari, al-Wudu’, 239, al-Bukhaari, 6314, al-Bukhaari, 247; Muslim 2710.
  2. Dust off the bed before sleeping. Al-Bukhaari (6320) and Muslim (2714)
  3. Sleep on the right side by putting right hand on the right cheek. And sleeping on one’s left side is not prohibited, but one misses out on the reward for following the Sunnah. al-Bukhaari, al-Wudu’, 239, al-Bukhaari, 6314.
  4. Say adhkaar before sleeping. These includes; last two verses of suratul Baqarah, Aayat al-Kursi, suratul al-Ikhlaas and al-Mi’wadhatayn etc and other adhkaar before sleeping. Bukhaari 4624. al-Bukhaari, 6314, al-Bukhaari, 7394, al-Bukhaari, 1120, al-Bukhaari (5017), Saheeh al-Bukhaari (2311), al-Bukhaari (5009) and Muslim (2714), Saheeh Muslim (789), al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (1/742), al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb (2/81), Musnad (2/554-555), Saheeh Abi Dawood (1264), al-Haakim (1/452), al-Saheehah (2/243) and Da’eef al-Targheeb(1/190), al-Saheehah (643), Qiyaam al-Layl (164), Al-Daarimi (2/554), al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb (2/76), (2/116), al-Adhkaar (1/255), al-Waabil al-Sayyib (132), al-Adhkaar (220), al-Tirmidhi (3402) Nataa’ij al-Afkaar (3/65), Abu Dawood (5055) and al-Tirmidhi (3400) Nataa’ij al-Afkaar (3/6)
  5. Saying adhkaar when one wakes up from sleeping. ‘Al-hamdu Lillaah alladhi ahyaanaa ba’da ma amaatanaa wa ilayhi al-nushoor (Praise be to Allaah who has brought us back to life after causing us to die, and to Him is the resurrection).’” al-Bukhaari, 6314, al-Bukhaari, 7394, al-Bukhaari, 1120
  6. It is forbidden to sleep on one’s belly according to some Jurists while others said it is disliked. Ahmad, al-Fath al-Rabbaani, 14/244-245; by al-Tirmidhi, no. 2798, Abu Dawood, al-Sunan, Kitaab al-Adab, no. 5040, al-Da’aas edn, Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2270-2271, Abu Dawood 5040, Ibn Majaah 3724, Ahmad Shaakir in Tahqeeq al-Musnad 14/248-249, al-Tibb al-Nabawi fi Daw’ al-‘Ilm al-Hadeeth by Dr. Ghiyaath al-Ahmad, and al-Nawm ‘ala al-Jihah al-Yumna by Dr. Ibraaheem al-Raawi. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah 26/146.
  7. Sleeping next to one’s wife is sunnah. al-Bukhaari 2945 and Muslim 2727, al-Bukhaari 3502.
  8. It is not allowed for male children, if they have reached the age of puberty or are ten years old or more, to sleep with their mothers or sisters in the same bedding or mattress. Suratu al-Nur 58 – 59, al-Bukhari and Muslim, Abu Dawud and Ahmad. Sahih al-Jami, vol. 2, p. 1021. Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’ 5/11-18, Abu Dawood 418, Saheeh al-Jaami’, no. 418, Ansa al-Mataalib 3/113, al-Mustaw’aband al-Ri’aayah, Kitaab al-Janaa’iz, al-Adaab al-Shar’iyyah 3/538, Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn Baaz 25/357.
  9. It is not prohibited to lay on one’s back. al-Bukhaari, 475; Muslim, 2100.
  10. It is not prohibited to sleep after fajr and ‘Asr. Though, some of the salaf disliked the idea of sleeping after Fajr based on circumstances or needs for man to make better use of time but no authentic narration to support its prohibition, only that it is sunnah to remain sitting in the place where we prayed fajr till sunrise doing adhkaar. Muslim 1/463, Musannaf 5/222, no. 25442, Musannaf 5/223, no. 25454, Silsilat al-Da’eefah, no. 39. Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Humayd, p. 144
  11. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to sleep during the first part of the night and get up to pray during the last part. Sometimes he would stay up late to deal with the interests of the Muslims. Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/15
  12. Sleeping naked. The ‘awrah must be covered in all circumstances except when necessary, such as when bathing, having intercourse, relieving oneself, etc. al-Tirmidhi, 2769.
  13. No sin on a person if he sleeps with his feet towards the Ka’bah, Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 2/976.

Etc.

May Allaah grant us understanding

Zakat Al Fitr SIMPLIFIED

Do you know that Zakat al fitr…?!

* Is the charity given to the poor and the needy at the end of the fasting of holy month of Ramadan.

* Is a duty which is ‘wajib’ (compulsory) and required of every Muslim, male or female, young or adult, slave or freeman as long as he/she has the means to do so (meaning having more food (or in kind) than what he/she and his/her household will need for a day).

* Is to provide for the poor and the needy with a means with which to celebrate the festival of ‘Eid al fitr’ along the rest of the Muslims and a token of thankfulness to Allah for having enabled him or her to observed obligatory fast.

* Promotes circulation of wealth and develop bonds of brotherhood, love and trains those who have to be generous to those who do not have within Islamic society.

* Becomes obligatory from last day of Ramadan or 2 days before ‘Eid prayer.

* Is a Saa’ (4 double handfuls of an average size man) of food, grain or dried fruits… per head of each member of the family by the head of the household (regardless of different in income, and new born baby last minute of the last day of Ramadan should be included).

* Your Ramadan fasting will be hanging between earth and heaven till you pay zakat al fitr.

* Zakat al fitr purify you from your indecent act, speech… while fasting that will reduce your rewards.

* Zakat al fitr’ is acceptable for those who give it out before the ‘Eid al fitr prayer but it is ‘sadaqah’ for those who pays it after ‘Eid prayer.

* You will give your zakat al fitr out where you are, during ‘Eid not necessary your home town and somebody can do it on your behalf and to give it out in Umrah is more rewardable.

* Zakat al fitr in cash is not recommended by Allah, Prophet solallahu ‘alayhi wasalam, Sahaba radiyallahu ‘anih and Jurists. We have ‘dinar’ and ‘dirham’ during life time of Prophet salallahu ‘alayhi wasalam and neither he nor his companions used cash to pay zakat al fitr. Also, Zakat alfitr is an Ibadah we should not try and change its form if we want reward from Allah. Note: You can add cash as sadaqah to the food stuff you’re giving out but it is not wajib.

* Beneficiaries of zakat al fitr are; the poor and the needy (regardless of whether they are your relatives in as much their feeding is not ‘wajib’ on you), and collectors of zakat, in reconciling of heart of non-Muslims, freeing slaves, debtors, in Allah’s cause and the travellers may be part of them.

My Brethren! Give zakat al fitr out of food stuff that you will be happy to collect if you are in the position of the poor. “O you who have believed, spend from the good things which you have earned and from that which We have produced for you from the earth. And do not aim toward the defective therefrom, spending [from that] while you would not take it [yourself] except with closed eyes. And know that Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy. (Q2:267). So, give what will make the receiver happy; you will get reward, and you’re reviving the authentic sunnah of the Prophet Solallahu ‘alaih wasalam because the receiver will feel your sincere obedience to Allah and His Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam by getting what will benefit or useful to them for that period.

Reference: Fatawa Ibn taymiah 25 /74, Fatawa imra’ti muslimah 205, Mugni 1/402, 3/56, Sharhu fatih qadeer, Bukhari 1426 – 1511. Muslim 984 – 986, Daud 1609 – 1629, Sahih fiqh Sunnah 2/79, Jami’ liahkam fiqh Sunnah 2/126.

May Allah grant us understanding and accept it as an act of ‘Ibadah.

ANGELS of Mercy do not enter Some Houses!

Alhamdulillaah wasalaatu wasalaam ‘ala rasulillaah. The angels do not enter a house in which there is:

A. AN IMAGE OF LIVING THINGS 
The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasalam said; “The angels do not enter a house in which there is an image.” Al-Bukhari 3226 and Muslim 2106. What is meant by the angels who do not enter a house in which there are images are the angels who go around with mercy, blessings and prayers for forgiveness The words “the angels do not enter” mean: the angels of mercy, not the recording angels or the Angels of death, Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi (8/72).
According to the correct view, this image includes:
1. Those that are hung up to be venerated and respected, as in the case of pictures of kings, presidents, ministers, scholars etc. it is haram
2. Those that are hung up for the sake of memory, such as hanging up pictures of one’s friends, parents etc. it is haram, Muslim 2104
3. Those that are hung up for the purpose of adornment, it is haram. Al-Bukhari, 5610; Muslim, 2107. Sharh Muslim, 14/84, Al-Nihaayah, 4/789, Sharh al-Nasaa’i, 1/141, Fataawa wa Rasaa’il Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem, 1/169, Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 8/72, Liqa’ al-Baab al-Maftooh, 85/6, Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/705.

B. A DOG
The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasalam said: “The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or an image.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah. Also, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wasalam said: “Whoever keeps a dog, a qiraat from his good deeds will be deducted every day, except a dog for farming or herding livestock.” Al-Bukhari 2145, Muslim 2978, 2943, Ibn Maajah (3640), Sharh Muslim 10/342; Fath al-Baari, 5/9 Sharh Riyaadh al-Saaliheen, 4/241. Al-Nawawi said in Sharh Muslim (10/340) that it is permissible to keep dog in the case of necessity.

C. A BELL
The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wasalam said: “The angels do not accompany any group with whom there is a dog or a bell.” Muslim 2113, 2114. The bells that are haram are those resembling the church bells of the Christians or have musical sounds. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (26/284), Sharh Riyaadh al-Saaliheen (4/340).
My brethren, if you don’t keep the aforementioned at home what is the consequence?! It is so bad today that some hang picture(s) in the mosque of Allaah – Subhanallah! We are believers, we deserved to be blessed, and we are getting it except those who refuse to welcome it.

May Allah grant us understanding.