Fiqh of Trials: Hardship and Affluence Trials of Life (10 of 10)

A Prostitute asked for Prophet Yahya’s Head (peace be upon him)

Islamic Historians said ‘Imraan, the father of Maryam, was married to a woman who was called Hannah, and Zakariyyah (peace be upon him) was married to a woman called Eeshaa’. ‘Imraan and Hannah produced Maryam (peace be upon him) and Zakariyah and Eeshaa’ produced Yahya (peace be upon him). Therefore, ‘Eesa and Yahya (peace be upon them) are maternal cousins according to the historians. The story of how Allaah blessed Zakariya with Yahya is of great lessons for us.

Allaah says: “So her Lord (Allaah) accepted her [Maryam] with goodly acceptance. He made her grow in a good manner and put her under the care of Zakariya. Every time he entered al-mihrab [a praying place or private room] to (visit) her, he found her supplied with sustenance. He said, ‘O Maryam! From where have you got this?’ She said, ‘This is from Allaah.’ Verily, Allaah provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limit.

At that time Zakariya invoked his Lord, saying: ‘O my Lord! Grant me from You a good offspring. You are indeed the All-Hearer of invocation.’

Then the angels called him, while he was standing in prayer in al-mihrab, (saying): ‘Allaah gives you glad tidings of Yahya, confirming (believing in) the Word from Allaah [i.e., the creation of ‘Eesaa], noble, keeping away from sexual relations with women, a Prophet, from among the righteous.’ Q3:37-39]

Allaah says: (This is) a mention of the mercy of your Lord to His slave Zakariya.

When he called out to his Lord (Allaah) – a call in secret,

Saying, ‘My Lord! Indeed my bones have grown feeble, and grey hair has spread on my head, and I have never been unblest in my invocation to You, O my Lord!

And verily! I fear my relatives after me, since my wife is barren. So give me from Yourself an heir,-

Who shall inherit me, and inherit (also) the posterity of Ya’qoob [inheritance of religious knowledge and Prophethood]. And make him, my Lord, one with whom You are well-pleased!’

(Allaah said): ‘O Zakariya! Verily, We give you the glad tidings of a son. His name will be Yahya. We have given that name to none before (him). Q19:2-9

Allaah says “And (remember) Zakariya, when he cried to his Lord: ‘O my Lord! Leave me not single (childless), though You are the Best of the inheritors.’

So We answered his call, and We bestowed upon him Yahya, and cured his wife (to bear a child) for him. Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us.” Q21:89-90

“And We gave him wisdom while yet a child” Q19:12

“And (made him) sympathetic to men” “and pure from sins”  “and he was righteous” Q19:13

“And dutiful towards his parents”  “and he was neither arrogant nor disobedient” Q19:14

“And Salaam (peace) be on him the day he was born, and the day he dies, and the day he will be raised up to life (again)!” Q19:15

“… noble, keeping away from sexual relations with women, a Prophet, from among the righteous” Q3:39

At-Tabari and Ibn Katheer mentioned some traditions which include these: It was narrated on the authority of ‘Urwah ibn Az-Zubayr that he said, “Yahya ibn Zakariyya was killed for the sake of a prostitute who said to her master, ‘I will never be pleased with you until you cut off Yahya’s head and bring it to me.’ He therefore did so and brought his head in a washtub for her.” [Ibn Abu Shaybah in Al-Musannaf]. ‘Urwah ibn Az-Zubayr also said, “Yahya ibn Zakariyya was killed for the sake of a prostitute who was an ex-slave girl.” [Al-Haakim: Mawqoof (disconnected chain) and Saheeh (authentic) (Ath-Thahabi agreed on this)]

A prostitute asked for Prophet’s head and succeed, please who are you and me not to be tested?!

Oh believers! Hardship/misfortune or affluence as a result of obedience to Allaah is a trial. Therefore, bearing it with patience makes one pass and reacting angrily makes one fail. Hardship/Misfortune or affluence as a result disobedience to Allaah is a punishment or misguidance. As well, hardship/misfortune or affluence not connected with obedience or disobedience is a trial to good ones and a punishment or misguidance to wrongdoers.

So, during the times of trials and suffering one should always think positively of Allaah, in all the situations, for whatever comes from Allaah is for your good and He is The Protector of the pious and Oft-Forgiving and The Most Merciful. It is said, “Nothing happens except by the will of Allaah.”

May Allaah grant us understanding. We seek refuge with Allaah from trials and tribulations, both visible and hidden. We ask You (to enable us) to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds, and to love the poor, and (we ask You) to forgive us, have mercy on us and accept our repentance without subjecting us to trial.

 

Fiqh of Trials: Hardship and Affluence Trials of Life (9 of 10)

You can’t be too righteous to be tested!

Sumayyah bint Khayyat was the first female martyr of this Ummah, She is a very old and frail woman but remained steadfast and refused to abandon Islam. Abu Jahl, insulted her verbally, then killed her by stabbing and impaling her with his spear.

People of Ditch

Allaah says: {By the heaven holding the big stars. And by the Promised Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). And by the Witnessing day (i.e. Friday), and by .the Witnessed day (i.e. the Day of ‘Arafat (Hajj) the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah]. Cursed were the people of the Ditch (in the story of the Boy and the King). Of fire fed with fuel. When they sat by it (fire). And they witnessed what they were doing against the believers (i.e. burning them). And they had no fault except that they believed in Allaah, the All-Mighty, Worthy of all Praise! To Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth! And Allaah is Witness over everything. Verily, those who put into trial the believing men and believing women (by torturing them and burning them), and then do not turn in repentance (to Allaah), then they will have the torment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the burning Fire}. (Al-Buruj, 1-10)

Killer of Hamzah (may Allaah be pleased with him) accepted Islam later! 

Hamzah ibn Abd Al-Muttalib, may Allaah be pleased with him: The Lion of Allaah, the Martyr of Martyrs, the uncle of Prophet Muhammad was killed in the battle of Uhud by a black man.

Narrated Jafar bin `Amr bin Umaiya: Wahshi said:… I hid myself under a rock, and when he (i.e. Hamza) came near me, I threw my spear at him, driving it into his umbilicus so that it came out through his buttocks, causing him to die. ….Then I left for Taif, and when the people (of Taif) sent their messengers to Allaah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), I was told that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not harm the messengers; So I too went out with them till I reached Allaah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). When he saw me, he said, ‘Are you Wahshi?’ I said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘Was it you who killed Hamza?’ I replied, ‘What happened is what you have been told of.’ He said, ‘Can you hide your face from me?’ So I went out when Allaah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) died, and Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab appeared (claiming to be a prophet). I said, ‘I will go out to Musailamah so that I may kill him, and make amends for killing Hamza. ….So I threw my spear at him (Musailamah), driving it into his chest in between his breasts till it passed out through his shoulders, …. Sahih al-Bukhari 4072

Another man who was to be killed was Wahshi ibn Harb who had murdered the uncle of Prophet Mohammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). But due to the kindness and mercy of the Prophet, (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) Washshi came to Mohammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to be pardoned for what he had done to his uncle. The Prophet forgave him.

To be cont…. in shaa Allaah

May Allaah grant us understanding. We seek refuge with Allaah from trials and tribulations, both visible and hidden. We ask You (to enable us) to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds, and to love the poor, and (we ask You) to forgive us, have mercy on us and accept our repentance without subjecting us to trial.

Fiqh of Trials: Hardship and Affluence Trials of Life (8 of 10)

cont….

3. It should be noted that panicking will not make the calamity go away, and in fact it makes it worse.

4. It should be noted that missing out on the reward for patience and surrender, which is mercy and guidance that Allaah has granted as the reward for patience and turning to Him (by saying Inna Lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji’oon (Verily to Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return)), is worse than the calamity itself.

5. It should be noted that panicking makes one’s enemy rejoice and makes one’s friend feel sad; it makes Allaah angry and makes the shaytaan happy; it destroys reward and weakens resolve. If he is patient, seeks reward, strives to please Allaah, to make his friend happy and to make his enemy sad, and seeks to relieve his brothers of their burdens and to console them before they console him, this is steadfastness and a sign of perfection – not slapping one’s cheeks, rending one’s garment, wishing for death and being discontent with the divine decree.

6. It should be noted that what comes after being patient and seeking reward is pleasure and joy that is many times greater than what he could have got from keeping what he lost. Sufficient for him is the “house of praise” that will be built for him in Paradise as a reward for his praising his Lord and turning to Him (by saying Inna Lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji’oon (Verily to Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return)). So let him decide which of the two calamities is greater: a calamity in this world, or the calamity of missing out on the house of praise in eternal Paradise.  In al-Tirmidhi it is narrated in a marfoo’ report: “On the Day of Resurrection people will wish that their skins had been cut with scissors in this world, when they see the reward of those who were struck with calamity.” One of the salaf said: Were it not for the calamities of this world, we would come empty-handed on the Day of Resurrection.

7. It should be noted that the One Who is testing him is the Most Wise and the Most Merciful, and that He – may He be glorified – did not send this calamity in order to destroy him or cause him pain or finish him off, rather He is checking on him, testing his patience, acceptance and faith; it is so that He may hear his du’aa’ and supplication, so that He may see him standing before Him, seeking protection, filled with humility and complaining to Him.

8. It should be noted that were it not for the trials and tribulations of this world, a person could develop arrogance, self-admiration, a pharaonic attitude and hardheartedness which would lead to his doom in this world and in the Hereafter. It is a sign of the mercy of the Most Merciful that He checks on him from time to time with the remedy of calamity so as to protect him from these diseases, to keep his submission and servitude sound, and to eliminate all bad elements that may lead to his doom. Glory be to the One Who shows mercy by means of testing, and tests by means of blessing, as it is said: Allaah may bless us with calamities even if that is hard, and Allaah may test some people with blessings.

9. It should be noted that the bitterness of this world is the essence of sweetness in the Hereafter, as Allaah will turn the former into the latter. Similarly, the sweetness of this world is the essence of bitterness in the Hereafter. It is better to move from temporary bitterness to eternal sweetness than the other way round. If this is still not clear to you, then think of what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Paradise is surrounded with difficulties, and Hell is surrounded with desires.”

To be cont…. in shaa Allaah

May Allaah grant us understanding. We seek refuge with Allaah from trials and tribulations, both visible and hidden. We ask You (to enable us) to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds, and to love the poor, and (we ask You) to forgive us, have mercy on us and accept our repentance without subjecting us to trial.