FIQH of Zakaah: Understanding the Pillars of Third Pillar (5 of 9)

Zakaah on Trade Goods

One has to pay zakaah on all the wealth that you have in the form of cash or products offered for sale in the stationery store after one full (Hijri) year has passed, if their value meets the minimum threshold for zakaah (nisaab). Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 9/313.

The way in which the zakaah on trade goods is worked out is based on their market value (which is usually the price for which they are sold in the store) after one full year has passed, whether this price is equal to the price paid for them or it is more or less. And if the businessman is one who sells wholesale, then he should base his zakaah on the wholesale price, and if he is one who sells retail, then he should base his zakaah on the retail price. Then zakaah should be paid at the rate of one-quarter of one-tenth (i.e., 2.5%). (Risaalah fi’l_Zakaah by Shaykh Ibn Baaz, p. 11; Risaalah fi’l-Zakaah al-‘Aqaar by Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd, p. 8), Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 6/146, al-Mughni (4/249) al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (13/171), Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn Uthaymeen, 18/205; see also 18/240, Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 9/324, Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (9/319), Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 18/233.

Zakaah on Equipment or Company Fixed Assets

There is no zakaah on equipment, unless they are prepared or put for sale. There is no zakaah on items that are for use, whether they are tools or other things. The basic principle is that whatever is prepared for sale is that on which zakaah is due. Tools or equipment used in the store are not subject to zakaah. Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 14/184.

Company buildings, heavy and light machinery and vehicles that are used to transport goods or company workers are not subject to zakaah.  The early scholars stated that the tools of craftsmen such as carpenters, builders, blacksmiths and the like are not subject to zakaah. Al-Kasaani said in Badaa’i’ al-Sanaa’i’ (3/398): As for the tools of the craftsman and the buckets and containers, they are not trade goods, because they are not usually sold with the goods. Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’ (168/2) Majallat al-Majma’ al-Fiqhi, 4/1/722, Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 14/184

Zakaah is due on the rental fees paid if they are rented out, after one year has passed, if that reaches the nisaab. If the owner of a company enters into contracts and uses these machines to fulfil the contracts, then the zakaah should be paid from the profits earned from these contracts, after one year has passed, but no zakaah is due on the machines themselves or on their value, because they have not been prepared for sale, rather they have been prepared for use. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 9/345

Also, no zakaah is required of a man for what he keeps of vessels, furniture, tools, cars, property etc, even if he has prepared them for renting out. If a person owns many properties that are worth millions, but he does not deal in them by buying or selling, rather he prepares them for using or renting, then no zakaah is due on these properties, even if they are many. Rather zakaah is due on what he earns from them in rental payments or income; zakaah must be paid on rental income when one year has passed since the beginning of the contract because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The Muslim does not have to pay zakaah on his slave or his horse.” Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 18/254.

 O Allah, we hope for Your mercy, do not leave us for even the duration of an eye blink (duration) and correct our total condition and grant us understanding. Besides You there is none worthy of worship.

Valentine Day: A day full of immoralities including ZINA. Will a Muslim celebrate such a day?!

Do you know that…

* It is St. Valentine’s Day not just valentine day. Can a Muslim name start with St.?!

* Its origins lie in the pagan beliefs of the Romans, where it was an expression of the spiritual love of the idols which they worship instead of Allaah. Allah says: “Verily, whosoever sets up partners (in worship) with Allaah, then Allaah has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Firewill be his abode. And for the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers) there are no helpers”[al-Maa’idah 5:72]

* It is known to be a day of promiscuity and sex for them, with no restraints or restrictions – ZINA. “And come not near to unlawful sex. Verily, it is a Faahishah (i.e. anything that transgresses its limits: a great sin, and an evil way that leads one to hell unless Allaah Forgives him)” [al-Isra’ 17:32]. And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No adulterer is a believer at the time when he is committing adultery” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (2475) and Muslim (57). And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a man commits zina, faith comes out of him and hovers over him like a cloud, then when he stops, faith returns to him.” Narrated by Abu Dawood (4960) and al-Tirmidhi(2625); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has told us of the punishment that those who commit zina will receive in their graves before the Hour begins, and that they will be punished with fire. Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1320).

* Exchanging gifts like greeting cards, wishes of valentine is expression of love. Do you want to express your love to somebody that you are not legally married to?! It is haram…“And come not near to unlawful sex. Verily, it is a Faahishah (i.e. anything that transgresses its limits: a great sin, and an evil way that leads one to hell unless Allaah Forgives him)” Q17:32

* The husband who sincerely loves his wife does not need this holiday to remind him of his love. He expresses his love for his wife at all times and on all occasions. BUT the valentine day is the expression of love for mistress, lovers…. Not between husband and wife. Subhanallah!

* In Islam, husband loves his wife throughout the year, and he expresses that love towards her with gifts, in verse and in prose, in letters and in other ways, throughout the years – not just on one day of the year. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a man loves his brother, let him tell him that he loves him.” (narrated by Abu Dawood, 5124; al-Tirmidhi, 2329; it is saheeh).

* Muslim to allocate a day for celebration based on his own thoughts and ideas, and to call it a festival, or make it like a festival or Eid is not allowed. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah(may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “It is not permissible for the Muslims to imitate them in anything that is specifically part of their festivals, whether it is food, clothing, bathing, lighting fires, or changing a custom of daily life or worship… To sum up, they should not do any of the specific rituals of their (the kuffaar’s) festival on that day; rather the day of their festival should be just another ordinary day for the Muslim.” (Majmoo’ al-Fataawa,25/329).

* We should not accept congratulations on Valentine’s Day, because it is not a holiday or an Eid for the Muslims. If the Muslim is congratulated on this occasion, he should not return the congratulations. Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:“With regard to congratulating others with the congratulations used by the kuffaar on such occasions, it is haraam by scholarly consensus, such as congratulating them on the occasion of their festivals or fasts, wishing them a blessed festival, etc. Even if the one who says this is free of kufr, it is still haraam. It is like congratulating someone for prostrating to the cross. It is even worse with Allaah and more hated by Him than congratulating someone for drinking alcohol, or committing murder or adultery, etc. Many of those who have no respect for religion do that, and they do not realize the abhorrence of their actions. Whoever congratulates a person for sin, innovation (bid’ah) or kufr exposes himself to the hatred and wrath of Allaah.” (Ahkaam Ahlal-Dhimmah, 1/441-442)

The Fatwa of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) on Celebration of Valentine

Question: In recent times the celebration of Valentine’s Day has become widespread, especially among female students. This is one of the Christian holidays. They wear all red clothes, including their shoes, and they exchange red flowers… We hope that you can tell us the ruling on celebrating such holidays. What do you advise the Muslims to do with regard to such things?May Allaah keep you and take care of you.

He replied: Celebrating Valentine’s Day is not permitted for several reasons:

1 – It is an innovated celebration which has no basis in sharee’ah.

2 – It calls for people to keep their hearts and minds busy with these foolish things that go against the guidance of the pious predecessors (may Allaah be pleased with them), so it is not permitted on this day to do any of the customs associated with that holiday, whether that be connected to food, drink, clothing, exchanging gifts or anything else. The Muslim should be proud of his religion and not be so weak of character that he follows everyone who makes a noise. I ask Allaah to protect the Muslims from all temptations, visible and invisible, and to take care of us and give us strength. And Allaah knows best.

May Allah grant us understanding of His religion

FOOD OF AHLIL-KITAAB

Alhamdulillah wasalatu wasalaam ‘ala rosulillah

Ahlu lKitaab literally mean People of the Scripture or People of the Book. Basically, Ahlul Kitaab consist of both believers (Muslims) and disbelievers (Non-Muslims) because we have Quran, Jews have Taoraat and Christians have Injeel. However, Ahlul kitaab are classified in to two in the Quran, Allah says: “Not all of them are alike; a party of the people of the Scripture stands for the right, they recite the Verses of Allah during the hours of the night, prostrating themselves in prayer. They believe in Allah and the Last Day; they enjoin what is right and forbid evil and they hasten in good works; and they are among the righteous. And whatever good they do, nothing will be rejected of them; for Allah knows well those who are the pious”. (Q3:113-115). So, we have Ahlul Kitaabs that are believers (Muslims) and those that are not believers (Christian and Jews).

In Shari’ah, treatment of Ahlu lkitaab (Christians and Jews) of yesterday and today is the same!

Scholars have discussed what is meant by the expression “People of the Book” and whether or not that meaning would change with time. The majority of scholars say that the meaning of People of the Book has not changed and should not change with time, even if the Christians and Jews deviate more in their path from the True Path for these reasons:

1. All or most of these deviations existed even before the revelation of the Quran to our Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), yet Allah called them the People of the Book. i.e. Allah says: “O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And do not say, “Three”; desist – it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs. (Q4:171)

2. Allah did not mention in the Quran – and He surely knows that they are going to change that we should not treat them as Ahlul Kitaab.

Food of the Ahlul Kitaab is lawful

In Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (22/387): The basic principle with regard to the permissibility of meat slaughtered by the People of the Book is the verse in which Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “The food (slaughtered cattle, eatable animals, etc.) of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) is lawful to you” [al-Maa’idah 5:5]. Ibn ‘Abbaas explained the word “food” here as referring to meat slaughtered by them, which is one of two interpretations of this verse. If a Kitaabi slaughters an animal, if we know that he mentioned the name of Allah over it, it is permissible to eat it, but if we know that he mentioned the name of someone other than Allah over it, then it is not permissible to eat it, because of the general meaning of the words of Allah (interpretation of the meaning): “Eat not (O believers) of that (meat) on which Allahs Name has not been pronounced (at the time of the slaughtering of the animal), for sure it is Fisq (a sin and disobedience of Allah)” [al-An‘aam 6:121], and His words concerning haraam foods: “and that which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah (or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering)” [al-Baqarah 2:173]. If we do not know whether the name of Allah or the name of someone or something else was mentioned over it, then the basic principle is that meat slaughtered by them is permissible.

*Muslims are not permitted to eat Ahlu lKitaab’s food prepared for their festival*

It is not permissible for the Muslim to eat foods that the Jews, Christians and mushrikun make for their festivals. It is not permissible either for a Muslim to accept such things that are given to them on the occasion of their festivals, because that implies honoring them and cooperating with them in manifesting their symbols and propagating their innovations and sharing their happiness on the days of their festivals. Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 22/398.

*Why?*

Allah says: “…And cooperate in righteousness and piety, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.” (Q5:2) It is not permissible to eat from that food which the Christians or Mushrikeen prepare on the occasion of their festivals. It is also not permissible to accept their invitations to join them in their celebrations of those festivals, because this encourages them and is tantamount to approving of their bid’ah, which gives the wrong idea to ignorant people and makes them think that there is nothing wrong with that. From Al-Lu’lu’ al-Makeen min Fataawaa Ibn Jibreen, p. 27. More ref: Iqtida’ al-Siraat al-Mustaqeem, p. 229, Ahkaam Ahl al-Dhimmah (3/1245-1250), Liqaa’aat al-Baab al-Maftooh, 20805, Fataawa Islamiyyah, 3/415

May Allah grant us understanding.