War in Islam is Never Holy; It can Only be Just or Unjust
Jihaad has its conditions and introductions
The idea of waging physical Jihaad against the kaafirs went through a number of stages, depending on the state in which the Muslim ummah was. Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The first thing which his Lord revealed to him was to read in the name of his Lord who had created. That was the beginning of his Prophethood, where Allaah commanded him to recite to himself but He did not yet command him to convey that. Then He revealed the words (interpretation of the meaning: ‘O you (Muhammad) enveloped in garments! Arise and warn!’al-Muddaththir 74:1-2. So, he became a Prophet with the word ‘Iqra (Read!) and he became a Messenger with the words, ‘O you (Muhammad) enveloped in garments…’ Then Allaah commanded him to warn his closest kinsmen, then to warn his people, then to warn the Arabs around them, then to warn all the Arabs, then to warn all of mankind. He continued to call them for over ten years from the beginning of his Prophethood, without fighting or imposing the jizyah; he was commanded to refrain, to be patient and to be forbearing.
Then permission was given to him to migrate, and permission was given to him to fight. Then he was commanded to fight those who fought him, and to refrain from fighting those who left him alone and did not fight him. Then Allaah commanded him to fight the mushrikeen so that the religion would all be for Allaah. After Jihaad was enjoined upon him, the kaafirs then fell into three categories: those with whom there was a truce or peace treaty; those with whom he was at war; and those who lived under the rule and protection of the Islamic state.” (Zaad al-Ma’aad, 3/159)
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: In order for Jihaad to be obligatory there are seven conditions:
- Being Muslim,
- Being an adult,
- Being of sound mind,
- Being free,
- Being male,
- Being physically sound and,
- Being able to afford it financially.
With regard to being Muslim, adult and of sound mind, these are essential conditions for all Islamic duties, because a kaafir is not to be trusted in Jihaad, an insane person cannot go for Jihaad and a child is physically weak. Ibn ‘Umar said: “I presented myself to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on the day of Uhud when I was fourteen years old, and he did not let me join the fighting.” Agreed upon. … With regard to being male, this is stipulated because of the report narrated from ‘Aa’ishah who said: “O Messenger of Allaah, do women have to engage in Jihaad? He said: “Jihaad in which there is no fighting: Hajj and ‘Umrah.” And because women are not able to fight because they are (physically) weak. al-Mughni, 9/163. All of this has to do with Jihaad in cases where the enemy has not invaded the Muslim land, in which case Jihaad becomes obligatory on every able-bodied person, man or woman, and a woman may then go out without her husband’s permission. Q9:41, 9:120, Badaa’i’ al-Sanaa’i’, 7/98, al-Sharh al-Sagheer, one of the Maaliki books (2/274)
Nevertheless, among its basic conditions is to be in agreement to return to Quran and Sunnah in rulings. If not, when the group go to fight, they will surely find disagreement among themselves in matters of their faith and the basics of Islam, then, lose strength. If the Amirs exist today and the common understanding of Islam does not exist among them then they will turn against one another and fight each other. They must be all for one methodology and one understanding.
There cannot be an Islamic state without proper understanding of the religion and achieving eemaan(faith) and Tawheed, and ridding ourselves of shirk, as Allaah says:“Allaah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the land, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practice their religion which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely, give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me” Q24:55.
To this end, maltreatment of a Muslim or killing of a Muslim in any part of the world should be a concern for other Muslims around the world, otherwise faith checkup is recommended because the honored Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “example of brothers (believers) in their affection, mercy, and compassion for each other is that of a body. When any limb aches, the whole body reacts with sleeplessness and fever” al-Bukhari 5665, Muslim 2586, Shu’ab al-Imān 10379. However, it is a misplaced priority to show no concern for killing of your brother in your Community/State/Country, watching them helplessly but only raise voice for another attack in another country or continent; the closest then, the next closest. Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz said: “We have previously explained on more than one occasion that Jihaad is fard kifaayah, not fard ‘ayn. All Muslims are enjoined to support their brothers with their selves (i.e., physically, by joining them), or with money, weapons, da’wah and advice. If enough of them go out (to fight), the rest are freed from sin, but if none of them do that then all of them are sinners. The Muslims in Saudi Arabia, Africa, North Africa and elsewhere are obliged to do their utmost, and if there is a Jihaad in one country, the surrounding countries should hasten to help them, the closest then the next closest. If one or two states, or three or more, manage to fulfil the obligation, then the rest are freed of responsibility. They deserve to be supported, and it is obligatory to help them against their enemies, because they are oppressed. Allaah has enjoined Jihaad upon all Muslims, and they must fight against the enemies of Allaah until their brothers are victorious. If they fail to do that, then, they are sinners, but if sufficient people undertake to do that, then the rest are absolved of sin.” (Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz, 7/335)
May Allaah grant us understanding and protect Muslims around the world.