Fiqh of Trials: Hardship and Affluence Trials of Life (8 of 10)

cont….

3. It should be noted that panicking will not make the calamity go away, and in fact it makes it worse.

4. It should be noted that missing out on the reward for patience and surrender, which is mercy and guidance that Allaah has granted as the reward for patience and turning to Him (by saying Inna Lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji’oon (Verily to Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return)), is worse than the calamity itself.

5. It should be noted that panicking makes one’s enemy rejoice and makes one’s friend feel sad; it makes Allaah angry and makes the shaytaan happy; it destroys reward and weakens resolve. If he is patient, seeks reward, strives to please Allaah, to make his friend happy and to make his enemy sad, and seeks to relieve his brothers of their burdens and to console them before they console him, this is steadfastness and a sign of perfection – not slapping one’s cheeks, rending one’s garment, wishing for death and being discontent with the divine decree.

6. It should be noted that what comes after being patient and seeking reward is pleasure and joy that is many times greater than what he could have got from keeping what he lost. Sufficient for him is the “house of praise” that will be built for him in Paradise as a reward for his praising his Lord and turning to Him (by saying Inna Lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji’oon (Verily to Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return)). So let him decide which of the two calamities is greater: a calamity in this world, or the calamity of missing out on the house of praise in eternal Paradise.  In al-Tirmidhi it is narrated in a marfoo’ report: “On the Day of Resurrection people will wish that their skins had been cut with scissors in this world, when they see the reward of those who were struck with calamity.” One of the salaf said: Were it not for the calamities of this world, we would come empty-handed on the Day of Resurrection.

7. It should be noted that the One Who is testing him is the Most Wise and the Most Merciful, and that He – may He be glorified – did not send this calamity in order to destroy him or cause him pain or finish him off, rather He is checking on him, testing his patience, acceptance and faith; it is so that He may hear his du’aa’ and supplication, so that He may see him standing before Him, seeking protection, filled with humility and complaining to Him.

8. It should be noted that were it not for the trials and tribulations of this world, a person could develop arrogance, self-admiration, a pharaonic attitude and hardheartedness which would lead to his doom in this world and in the Hereafter. It is a sign of the mercy of the Most Merciful that He checks on him from time to time with the remedy of calamity so as to protect him from these diseases, to keep his submission and servitude sound, and to eliminate all bad elements that may lead to his doom. Glory be to the One Who shows mercy by means of testing, and tests by means of blessing, as it is said: Allaah may bless us with calamities even if that is hard, and Allaah may test some people with blessings.

9. It should be noted that the bitterness of this world is the essence of sweetness in the Hereafter, as Allaah will turn the former into the latter. Similarly, the sweetness of this world is the essence of bitterness in the Hereafter. It is better to move from temporary bitterness to eternal sweetness than the other way round. If this is still not clear to you, then think of what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Paradise is surrounded with difficulties, and Hell is surrounded with desires.”

To be cont…. in shaa Allaah

May Allaah grant us understanding. We seek refuge with Allaah from trials and tribulations, both visible and hidden. We ask You (to enable us) to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds, and to love the poor, and (we ask You) to forgive us, have mercy on us and accept our repentance without subjecting us to trial.

Fiqh of Trials: Hardship and Affluence Trials of Life (7 of 10)

Some were Tested but Failed

Among those who were tested but failed are:

Fira’un was tested with power but failed….from powerful ruler to destruction Q10:90-92, Q29:39-40

Qaarun was tested with wealth but failed….end up swallowed by earth Q28: 76- 81, Q29:39-40

Aamaana was tested with knowledge but failed….from renowned scholar to destruction Q29:39-40

Wife of Prophet Nuuh and wife of Prophet Lut (peace be upon them) were tested with pious husband but they failed Q66:10

Fir’aun was tested with pious wife but he failed Q66:11

Prophet Ibraheem was tested and succeed

Prophet Ibraaheem (peace be upon him); the Imam of the monotheists, the Shaykh of the Prophets, the Close Friend of the Lord of the Worlds was tested and pass. Therefore,

  • Allaah took him as a close friend (khaleel) for Himself,
  • Allaah multiplied his descendants and blessed them and increased them until they filled the world,
  • He caused Prophethood and holy Books to be limited to his progeny thereafter,
  • He brought forth from them Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and commanded him to follow the path of his father Ibraaheem. Miftaah Dar al-Sa’aadah (1/299-301)

How to Pass the test?

In his valuable book Zaad al-Ma’aad (4/189-195), Ibn al-Qayyim has mentioned several things, including the following:

  1. If he looks at what has befallen him, he will find that what his Lord has left for him is similar to it or better than it, and if he is patient and accepts it, He has stored up for him something that is many times greater than what he has lost through this calamity, and if He willed He could have made the calamity even greater.
  2. The fire of calamity can be extinguished by thinking of those who have been hit even harder. Let him look to his right, does he see anything but calamity? Then let him look to his left, does he see anything but loss? If he were to look at the people around him, he would not see anything but people who are tested, either by missing out on something that they like, or by having happen to them that which they dislike. The pains of this world are like dreams or like a passing shadow. If you laugh a little you will weep a lot, and if you are happy for a day you will be miserable for a lifetime, and if you have what you want for a little while, you will be deprived for a long time. There is no day of happiness but it is followed by a day of pain. Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: For every moment of joy there is a moment of sorrow, and no house is filled with joy but it will be filled with sorrow. And Ibn Sireen said: There is never any laughter but there comes weeping after it.

To be cont…. in shaa Allaah

May Allaah grant us understanding. We seek refuge with Allaah from trials and tribulations, both visible and hidden. We ask You (to enable us) to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds, and to love the poor, and (we ask You) to forgive us, have mercy on us and accept our repentance without subjecting us to trial.

Fiqh of Trials: Hardship and Affluence Trials of Life (6 of 10)

Among Trials of the Prophets

Testing is according to one’s faith; the most severely tested among mankind are the Prophets, then the next best and the next best. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When I fall ill, my pain is equivalent to the pain of two men among you.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5648).

Prophet Dawud (peace be upon him) was subjected to trial of justice. Q 38:2, and 24-26

Prophet Sulaiman (peace be upon him) was subjected to trial of wealth and worldly success Q 38:32-40

Prophet Ayyub (peace be upon him) was subjected to trial of illness and suffering. Q 38:44 Q39:10

Prophet Ibraaheem (peace be upon him) was tested with the enmity of his father and his people, and by being thrown into the fire. Q21:68-70. He personally circumcised himself at old age. And conditions caused him to keep his pregnant wife in the desert; no water no food Q14:37. He was tested with the command to sacrifice his son blessed with at old age; Isma’eel (peace be upon him) Q37:102-107

Prophet Ismaa’eel (peace be upon him) was laid down to be sacrificed Q37:102-107

Prophet Yuusuf (peace be upon him) was thrown into a well and subsequently after rescued sold for a low price and remained in prison for several years. Q12: 4-102

Prophet Zakariya (peace be upon him) was cut in two with a saw. Ibn al-Qayyim said in al-Fawaa’id (p. 42)

Prophet Yahya (peace be upon him) was slaughtered and no offspring. Ibn al-Qayyim said in al-Fawaa’id (p. 42)

Prophet Muusa (peace be upon him) had great trials and calamities that he had already gone through for the sake of Allaah and the immense hardships that he had suffered with Pharaoh and his people then with the Children of Israel, and the harm they caused him and the patience with which he bore it are much. Just read Prophet Muusa (peace be upon him) story.

Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) suffered poverty and all sorts of trials and tests in his own homeland then moving away and leaving it for the sake of Allaah, the killing of his loved ones and friends before his eyes, the kaafirs’ persecution of him in word and deed, using magic, lies and fabrications against him.

Why Prophets (Peace be upon them) were tested?

Ibn al-Qayyim said in Badaa’i’ al-Fawaa’id (2/452): Just as Allaah protects the Prophets and takes care of them, so too He tests them as He wills with the kaafirs’ persecution of them.

  1. So that they may attain a level where they deserve His honour in full.
  2. So that those who come after them of their nations and successors will be consoled if they are persecuted by the people; they will see what happened to the Messengers and Prophets, so they will be patient and content and will follow their example.
  3. So that the kuffaar may get carried away in their sin and thus will deserve the punishment that is prepared for them in this world and in the Hereafter, so Allaah will destroy them because of their enmity and aggression, and the earth will be cleansed of them.

To be cont…. in shaa Allaah

May Allaah grant us understanding. We seek refuge with Allaah from trials and tribulations, both visible and hidden. We ask You (to enable us) to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds, and to love the poor, and (we ask You) to forgive us, have mercy on us and accept our repentance without subjecting us to trial.