A’uudhu billahi minas Shaytaanir Rajeem, Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem
Alhamdulillah wasolatu wasalam ‘ala rosulillah
Shirk is the opposite of monotheism in Islam. The word shirk in Arabic means taking a partner, i.e., regarding someone as the partner of another. In Islamic context, shirk means ascribing a partner or rival to Allah in Lordship (rububiyyah), worship (Uluhiyyah) or in His names and attributes (Asmau wasifat).
There are verses of Quran pointing or nailing prohibition of shirk. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped)” Q2:22
In the hadith it is narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever dies claiming that Allah has a rival, will enter Hell.” Bukhari 4497 Muslim 92.
Types of shirk:
The scholars divided shirk into two types:
1. Shirk al akbar (major shirk), and
2. Shirk al asgar (minor shirk).
This means ascribing to someone other than Allah something that belongs only to Allah, such as Lordship (rububiyyah), divinity (uluhiyyah) and the divine names and attributes (al-asma’ wa’l-sifaat). This is the kind of shirk that Allah does not forgive, and it is the shirk of which Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah” 2:165. Or the belief that there are those who know the Unseen as well as Allah
Shirk may sometimes take the form of words: Such as those who make du’aa’ or pray to someone other than Allah. Shirk may sometimes take the form of actions: Such as one who sacrifices, prays or prostrates to something other than Allah.
الشرك الإصغر: وهو كل ما كان وسيلة إلى الشرك الأكبر ، أو ورد في النصوص أنه شرك ، ولم يصل إلى حد الشرك الأكبر
Minor shirk is anything that serve as means or way to major shirk, anything mentioned in the verse of Quran or sound hadith as minor shirk and has not reach level of major shirk.
There are guidelines to identify minor shirk enumerated by scholars, these includes:
1. Anything confirmed or mentioned by Prophet salallahu ‘alayhi wasalam as minor shirk i.e. Mahmoud ibn Labeed said: The Messenger of Allah salallahu ‘alayhi wasalam said: “The thing that I fear most for you is minor shirk.” They said: “O Messenger of Allah, what is minor shirk?” He said: “Showing off, for Allah will say on the Day when people are recompensed for their actions: ‘Go to those for whom you were showing off with your deeds in the world, and see what reward you find with them.’” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 951.
2. When the word shirk is used in the texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah in the indefinite form [without the definite article al-]. This usually refers to minor shirk, and there are many examples of this, such as when the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasalam said: “Incantations, amulets and love spells are shirk.” Abu Dawood, 3883; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 331. What is meant by shirk here is minor shirk, not major shirk as scholars have confirmed
Amulets are things that are hung on children such as turquoise beads and the like, which they claim will protect them from the evil eye or make the child grow teeth. Love spells are something that they do, claiming that it will make a woman beloved to her husband and a man beloved to his wife. These are minor shirk that leads to major shirk.
It saddened heart, some have insured the life of an innocent child under Devils unknowingly, thus has effects on the child.
To be cont…..
May Allah forgive us and grant us protection from evils that some have invited.