Fiqh of Trials: Hardship and Affluence Trials of Life (5 of 10)

Cont…

7. Muslims get Rewards for helping Muslims who have been Afflicted by Calamity. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The likeness of the believers in their mutual love, mercy and compassion is that of the body; when one part of it suffers, the rest of the body joins it in staying awake and suffering fever.” Narrated by al-Bukhari, 6011; Muslim, 2586.

8. Allaah erase Punishment of the Hereafter with Trials. Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِعَبْدِهِ الْخَيْرَ عَجَّلَ لَهُ الْعُقُوبَةَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَإِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِعَبْدِهِ الشَّرَّ أَمْسَكَ عَنْهُ بِذَنْبِهِ حَتَّى يُوَافِيَ بِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

If Allaah intends good for his servant, then he hastens the punishment for him in this world. If Allaah intends evil for his servant, then he withholds punishment for his sins until he appears on the Day of Resurrection.

Muslim should never wish to be put to trial! Why?! He is not sure of success!

رَبَّنَا لَا تَجْعَلْنَا فِتْنَةً لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

Our Lord, make us not a trial for the unbelievers and forgive us, our Lord. Verily, You are the Almighty, the Wise. Q60:5. Abu Bakr reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَمْ تُؤْتَوْا شَيْئًا بَعْدَ كَلِمَةِ الْإِخْلَاصِ مِثْلَ الْعَافِيَةِ فَاسْأَلُوا اللَّهَ الْعَافِيَةَ

You will not be given anything after sincere faith as good as security, so ask Allaah for security. Musnad Aḥmad 11. Miqdad ibn Al-Aswad reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ السَّعِيدَ لَمَنْ جُنِّبَ الْفِتَنَ إِنَّ السَّعِيدَ لَمَنْ جُنِّبَ الْفِتَنِ إِنَّ السَّعِيدَ لَمَنْ جُنِّبَ الْفِتَنُ وَلَمَنْ ابْتُلِيَ فَصَبَرَ فَوَاهًا

Verily, the blessed person is one kept away from trials. Verily, the blessed person is one kept away from trials. Verily, the blessed person is one kept away from trials. How good is one who is afflicted but bears it patiently! Sunan Abī Dāwūd 4263.

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

سَتَكُونُ فِتَنٌ الْقَاعِدُ فِيهَا خَيْرٌ مِنْ الْقَائِمِ وَالْقَائِمُ خَيْرٌ مِنْ الْمَاشِي وَالْمَاشِي فِيهَا خَيْرٌ مِنْ السَّاعِي مَنْ تَشَرَّفَ لَهَا تَسْتَشْرِفْهُ فَمَنْ وَجَدَ مَلْجَأً أَوْ مَعَاذًا فَلْيَعُذْ بِه

There will be tribulations during which a sitting person will be better than the one standing, and the one standing will be better than the one walking, and the one walking will be better than the one running, and whoever exposes himself to these tribulations will be destroyed, so whoever finds a place of protection or refuge should take shelter in it. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6670.

To be cont…. in shaa Allaah

May Allaah grant us understanding. We seek refuge with Allaah from trials and tribulations, both visible and hidden. We ask You (to enable us) to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds, and to love the poor, and (we ask You) to forgive us, have mercy on us and accept our repentance without subjecting us to trial.

Fiqh of Trials: Hardship and Affluence Trials of Life (4 of 10)

Flash Points for Believers

1. Remain Persevered and Grateful if You’re Tested With Prosperity or Hardship. Suhaib reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

عَجَبًا لِأَمْرِ الْمُؤْمِنِ إِنَّ أَمْرَهُ كُلَّهُ خَيْرٌ وَلَيْسَ ذَاكَ لِأَحَدٍ إِلَّا لِلْمُؤْمِنِ إِنْ أَصَابَتْهُ سَرَّاءُ شَكَرَ فَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَهُ وَإِنْ أَصَابَتْهُ ضَرَّاءُ صَبَرَ فَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَهُ

Wondrous is the affair of the believer for there is good for him in every matter and this is not the case with anyone except the believer. If he is happy, then he thanks Allaah and thus there is good for him. If he is harmed, then he shows patience and thus there is good for him. Ṣaḥiḥ Muslim 2999.

2. Allaah intend Good for You if You’re Tested. Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ يُرِدِ اللَّهُ بِهِ خَيْرًا يُصِبْ مِنْهُ

If Allaah intends good for someone, then he afflicts him with trials. Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhari 5321

3. Allaah Loves You if You’re Tested. Mahmud ibn Labeed reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا أَحَبَّ اللَّهُ قَوْمًا ابْتَلَاهُمْ فَمَنْ صَبَرَ فَلَهُ الصَّبْرُ وَمَنْ جَزِعَ فَلَهُ الْجَزَعُ

If Allaah loves a people, then he afflicts them with trials. Whoever is patient having the reward of patience, and whoever is impatient has the fault of impatience. Musnad Aḥmad 23122.  Prophet peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him said:

إِنَّ عِظَمَ الْجَزَاءِ مَعَ عِظَمِ الْبَلَاءِ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ إِذَا أَحَبَّ قَوْمًا ابْتَلَاهُمْ فَمَنْ رَضِيَ فَلَهُ الرِّضَا وَمَنْ سَخِطَ فَلَهُ السَّخَطُ

Verily, with greater rewards come greater trials. Verily, when Allaah loves a people he will test them. Whoever is pleased will be satisfied, and whoever is displeased will have indignation. Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2396

4. Allaah Cleanses Your Sin with Trials

Mus’ad ibn Sa’eed reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

الْبَلَاءُ بِالْعَبْدِ حَتَّى يَتْرُكَهُ يَمْشِي عَلَى الْأَرْضِ مَا عَلَيْهِ خَطِيئَةٌ

The servant will continue to be tried until he is left walking upon the earth without any sin. Sunan al-Tirmidhi 2398

5. Worship at Times of Hardship and Tribulation has a Special Flavor and a Special Reward. It was narrated from Ma’qil ibn Yasar that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Worshipping at times of tribulation and confusion is like migrating to join me.” Narrated by Muslim, 2948.

6. Reward is Certain if You Pass. Abu Musa Al-Ashari reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا مَاتَ وَلَدُ الْعَبْدِ قَالَ اللَّهُ لِمَلَائِكَتِهِ قَبَضْتُمْ وَلَدَ عَبْدِي فَيَقُولُونَ نَعَمْ فَيَقُولُ قَبَضْتُمْ ثَمَرَةَ فُؤَادِهِ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعَمْ فَيَقُولُ مَاذَا قَالَ عَبْدِي فَيَقُولُونَ حَمِدَكَ وَاسْتَرْجَعَ فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ ابْنُوا لِعَبْدِي بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَمُّوهُ بَيْتَ الْحَمْدِ

When the child of a servant dies, Allaah says to the angels: Have you taken the life of my servant’s child? They say yes. Allaah says: Have you taken the fruit of his heart? They say yes. Allaah says: What has my servant said? They say: He has praised you and said to Allaah we belong and to Allaah we return. Allaah says: Build a house for my servant in Paradise and name it the House of Praise. Sunan al-Tirmidhi 1021. Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى مَا لِعَبْدِي الْمُؤْمِنِ عِنْدِي جَزَاءٌ إِذَا قَبَضْتُ صَفِيَّهُ مِنْ أَهْلِ الدُّنْيَا ثُمَّ احْتَسَبَهُ إِلَّا الْجَنَّةُ

Allaah the Exalted says: I have nothing to give to my faithful servant, if I cause his dear friend to die and he remains patient, other than Paradise. Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhaari 6060.

To be cont…. in shaa Allaah

May Allaah grant us understanding. We seek refuge with Allaah from trials and tribulations, both visible and hidden. We ask You (to enable us) to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds, and to love the poor, and (we ask You) to forgive us, have mercy on us and accept our repentance without subjecting us to trial.

Fiqh of Trials: Hardship and Affluence Trials of Life (3 of 10)

Classification of Trials

Trials are tests which are sent to try people, and people may be tested by good things or by bad. Allaah says:It is he who created death and life to test which of you are best in deed, for he is the Almighty, the Forgiving. Q67:2. We made what is upon the earth an ornament for it, to test them as to which of them is best in conduct. Q18:7

Basically Trial is classified into two:

Allaah says: “and We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good. And to Us you will be returned” Q21:35

  1. Trial with hardship/misfortune
  2. Trial with good

Among the trials with hardship are: fear, hunger, loss of wealth; business, properties…, lives, and fruits; rewards, profits, incomes etc. Allaah says: “And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Saabiroon (the patient). Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: ‘Truly, to Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.’  They are those on whom are the Salawaat (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones” Q2:155-157

Partners, wealth acquired and children… are blessings, and may be means of which Allaah tests man. O you who have believed, indeed, among your wives and your children are enemies to you, so beware of them. But if you pardon and overlook and forgive – then indeed, Allaah is Forgiving and Merciful. Your wealth and your children are but a trial, and Allaah has with Him a great reward. So fear Allaah as much as you are able and listen and obey and spend [in the way of Allaah]; it is better for your selves. And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul – it is those who will be the successful. Q64:14-16 “And know that your possessions and your children are but a trial and that surely, with Allaah is a mighty reward” Q8:28

Trials of Prosperity Are Easy to Fail

Abdur Rahman ibn Awf, may Allaah be pleased with him, said:

ابْتُلِينَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِالضَّرَّاءِ فَصَبَرْنَا ثُمَّ ابْتُلِينَا بِالسَّرَّاءِ بَعْدَهُ فَلَمْ نَصْبِرْ

We were tested with hardship alongside the Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, and we were patient. Then we were tested with prosperity after that and we were not patient. Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2464.

Ka’b ibn Iyad reported: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ لِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ فِتْنَةً وَفِتْنَةُ أُمَّتِي الْمَالُ

Verily, every nation has a trial and the trial of my nation is wealth. Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2336.

Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: A calamity that makes you turn to Allaah is better for you than a blessing which makes you forget the remembrance of Allaah.” Sufyaan said: What a person dislikes may be better for him than what he likes, because what he dislikes causes him to call upon Allaah, whereas what he likes may make him heedless.

To be cont…. in shaa Allaah

May Allaah grant us understanding. We seek refuge with Allaah from trials and tribulations, both visible and hidden. We ask You (to enable us) to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds, and to love the poor, and (we ask You) to forgive us, have mercy on us and accept our repentance without subjecting us to trial.